A few disarmament posters by Robert Wout, better known as Opland.
Many of my colleagues are attending the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit in Amsterdam, Netherlands. (My friend @MilesPomper is tweeting up a storm for #NSS2014.) It is normal for the assembled heads of government to bring “housegifts” — tangible accomplishments to improve nuclear security that will paint their countries in a positive light.
The opposite incentive is present too, as demonstrated by the Dutch group “Disarm.” (Can you figure out what they want?) Four activists broke into Volkel Airbase, posting pictures of shelters (original in Dutch) where US nuclear weapons are believed to be stored (see right). This is very similar to a series of intrusions several years ago at Kleine Brogel Airbase by a Belgian peace group. (1|2|3)
The incursions would seem to demonstrate the 2008 finding by the Air Force Blue Ribbon Review of Nuclear Weapons Policies and Procedures that “most sites [in Europe where US nuclear weapons are stored] require significant additional resources to meet DoD security requirements.”
At the time, the Dutch rejected the finding, even though they were singled out for criticism. (“[O]ther locations have the challenge of working with unionized security personnel.”) Despite the claims that everything was fine, the United States made additional security investments and did the usual PR thing. Here is a boss picture of US and Dutch troops entering a hangar as part of a security exercise. Take that, hippies.
So where the hell were these guys when the hippies showed up? Obviously, things are not all fine and dandy at Volkel.
Whether or not you support the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from Europe, isn’t it time to consolidate the remaining weapons at two US airbases where they can be properly secured? I continue to be amazed that the repeated security breaches don’t generate public pressure for the removal of the weapons — well, other than in the United States Air Force which keeps sending up trial balloons about taking the money to make the F-35 nuclear capable on spending it on their precious bomber.
There is an interesting question about where the protestors actually went. The only image shows Shelter 532. There are a couple of maps floating around (1|2). They mark certain bunkers as having a WS3 vault, although I don’t know why they think they know that, and the maps are blurry enough that its hard to make out the bunker numbers. But I think shelter 532 is here: 51.661713, 5.712177
Try putting that into Google Earth, however, and you’ll be disappointed. The maps have certain areas blanked out, marked “Intern Gebruik Defensie” (“Internal Use Defense”). The providers of satellites images, too, engage in interesting redactions. Google (Maps and Earth) blur the entire airbase. Bing and Nokia reduce the resolution and black out the areas that correspond to the areas that are blanked out on the map and marked Internal Use Defense
Yandex maps, though, shows the NATO airbase in full resolution. Here is a sampling of how different sites present satellite images — Google Maps, Bing and Yandex:
In addition to the black spot
drawing a terrorist’s interest to protecting a sensitive part of Volkel, Bing and Here reduce the resolution of the base. Here is a shot of the end of that blurring:
Other people have complained about the censorship in these images–especially the Dutch who, thanks to the use of TerraImaging satellite, seem to get all sorts of things blurred like the Royal residence. I would simply point out that blurring or blacking out certain areas is absurd. It doesn’t protect against Dutch euro-hippies (see below), let alone terrorists. It does, however, protect against the public scrutiny necessary to force Dutch and other allied officials to meet their obligations to protect the weapons. Secrecy often results in worse security.
One of the fascinating things is this shot of the runway, blurred or not, showing an orange plane!
This is the Dutch F16 demonstration team, which alternates between Volkel and Leeuwarden Airbase every two years.
Here are two more shots of the orange F-16
The second photo is interesting because, as Hans K has noted, you may be able to see the WS3 vault in the floor behind the aircraft.
Last note — the Dutch shelters are shaped funny. Most aircraft shelters, like the ones at Kleine Brogel are semi-circular. The Dutch ones are peaked. A triumph of Dutch design I suppose.